Economic factors can have a significant impact on currency values, and being aware of these factors allows traders to make more informed decisions. These indicators provide valuable insights into the strength or weakness of a currency, influencing trading decisions in the forex market. For example, if a central bank raises interest rates, it attracts foreign investors seeking higher returns. They draw trendlines and use technical indicators to spot buying or selling opportunities based on support and resistance levels.

Base Currency is the first currency; you can buy or sell it, while quote currency or counter currency is what you will be trading against. For example, if you are going to buy USD/JPY, then USD would be your base currency, and JPY would be your quote currency. The final two currency pairs are known as commodity fxtm forex broker review currencies because both Canada and Australia are rich in commodities and both countries are affected by their prices. The major currency pairs tend to have the most liquid markets and trade 24 hours a day Monday through Thursday. Currency pairs are quoted based on their bid (buy) and ask prices (sell).

Traders use economic indicators, political events, and market sentiment to predict the future movements of currency pairs. For example, a strong GDP growth rate in a country may strengthen its currency. Stay updated with economic news, utilize technical analysis tools, understand market sentiment, practice risk management, and seek expert advice for successfully reading forex pairs. Forex is the market that allows traders to buy or sell currencies, and the major currency pairs are the most traded ones in this market. We can see that traders mostly trade these pairs because they have high volumes and low spreads, which means it’s easier to make money on these pairs than on others. Around 60% of all central bank’s foreign exchange reserves are held in the US dollar, making it evident why it is widely regarded as the most popular currency worldwide.

  • All trading within the forex market, whether selling, buying, or trading, will take place through currency pairs.
  • Too much US Dollar exposure can lead to all your trades heading in the same direction, a big problem if that direction is against you.
  • The seven major currency pairs play a significant role in the global forex market and are the most highly traded.
  • Many of world’s countries have their own unique currency (like Pesso in Mexico) while some countries share a currency to simplify trading with key geographical partners (like Euro in Europe).

If you are “long” the currency pair, you expect the base currency to rise in terms of the quote/counter currency. The price of a currency pair is how much one unit of the base currency is worth in the quote currency. Many people enter the forex market ill-prepared and unwilling to develop the skills and attributes required to succeed. Learning how to be a successful forex trader and understanding the forex market takes time and patience. This pair indicates the value of the U.S. dollar against the Mexican peso. Providing marketing opportunities in Latin America, the peso is extremely liquid and one of the most highly traded worldwide currencies.

To convert from dollars to pounds, you would simply divide by the exchange rate, rather than multiply. Currencies are traded in pairs as their value is relative to one another. The pair system might seem daunting at first but it’s extremely simple – you will learn it the fastest on a real-time forex simulator. Political factors include events and decisions that affect a country’s political stability or policies.

In fact, it’s the third-largest currency in the Western Hemisphere behind the American and Canadian dollars. The proper way to write the currency pair is to write the ISO 4217 code of the base and quote currency with a slash between the two codes. This inverse relation between spread and volume attracts traders to these pairs as it gives them the power to easily enter or exit any trade.

What are the 7 major forex pairs?

We’re also a community of traders that support each other on our daily trading journey. If you think that the base currency in a pair is likely to strengthen against the quote currency, you can enter a long position (“buy the pair”). If the euro appreciates against the dollar, then a single euro will be worth more dollars and the pair’s price will rise. Even if you’ve previously traded stocks and assets, the forex market is a unique game that is vastly different in terms of the data traders need to analyze. This pair indicates the value of the U.S. dollar against the forint, the official currency of Hungary.

By understanding how to identify support and resistance levels, forex traders can gain valuable insights into market trends, potential entry/exit points, and overall market sentiment. Properly calculating spread and pip values is crucial for managing risk and making informed how to pick stocks for swing trading in 2020 trading decisions in forex markets. Diving into the world of forex trading begins with understanding how forex pairs are quoted. Navigating the world of forex trading can be a daunting endeavor, especially if you’re new to identifying and understanding currency pairs.

For example, the price of one Euro may cost $1.1404 when viewing the EUR/USD currency pair. Brokers will typically quote two prices for any currency pair and receive the difference (spread) between the two prices, under normal market conditions. A currency pair is a price quote of the exchange rate for two different currencies traded in FX markets. When an order is placed for a currency pair, the first listed currency or base currency is bought while the second listed currency in a currency pair or quote currency is sold. A currency pair is a price quotation of the relative value of a currency unit against the unit of another currency in the foreign exchange market. The currency that is used as the reference is called the counter currency, quote currency or currency and the currency that is quoted in terms is called the base currency or transaction currency.

What are the benefits of opening a live account?

All currencies are listed using a three-letter International Organization for Standardization  (ISO) currency code, such as EUR (euro) or USD (U.S. dollars). We have discussed the basics of currency pairs, how to read currency pairs in Forex, and different terminologies that you should be aware of when making a trade. Because understanding the working of currency pairs can help you make better decisions in your trading. We hope that you have understood how to read currency pairs and different currency pairs used in Forex trading. Beginners need to understand how the markets work and what currencies are traded on them.

USD/CZK: U.S. dollar/Czech koruna

Currency exchange rates fluctuate due to many factors, including the country’s economic situation and the value of goods and services. The value of a currency can also vary depending on how much confidence people have in it and how much demand there is for each currency. Thus, as the currency’s price fluctuates, one currency in the pair will always be stronger than the other. Currency pairs are the national currencies from two countries coupled for trading on the foreign exchange (FX) marketplace. Both currencies will have exchange rates on which the trade will have its position basis. All trading within the forex market, whether selling, buying, or trading, will take place through currency pairs.


The majors comprise US dollars as a mandatory member of the currency pair, and the following are the major currency pairs in Forex. A forex quote is the price of one currency in terms of another currency. These quotes always involve currency pairs because you are buying one currency by selling another.

Many factors affect the GBP/USD rate, including economic indicators and actions by the central banks in both countries to boost or devalue their currency. The currencies included in this category are those of emerging countries, such as Singapore and Brazil. And because of their lack of liquidity and trading volume, brokers place very wide spreads on them.

These pairs are the most popular among traders because they offer the lowest spreads and highest liquidity, meaning it is easier to enter and exit positions. Also, because of their popularity, these pairs tend to have more market analysis available, making it easier for traders to make informed decisions. A currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one currency being quoted against the other. The first listed currency of a currency pair is called the base currency, and the second currency is called the quote currency. Understanding central bank policies is essential for successful forex trading as it allows traders to anticipate potential market movements based on expected monetary actions. By understanding timeframes and trends, traders can gain valuable insights into the behavior of forex pairs and enhance their trading strategies.

These pairs don’t contain USD, so they are not as heavily traded as the major currency pairs. The spreads on minor currency pairs are usually slightly bigger than those on major currency pairs. An example of an exotic currency pair is the USD/SGD (U.S. dollar/Singapore dollar).

Spreads tend to be tighter (less) for major currency pairs due to their high trading volume and liquidity. The EUR/USD is the most widely traded currency pair, so it is no surprise that the spread in this example is what is xtreamforex 0.6 pips. One of the fundamental concepts in forex trading is the concept of currency pairs. A currency pair consists of two currencies being traded against each other – the base currency and the quote currency.